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The German Army first began experimenting with flame-throwers in 1900 and were issued to special battalions eleven years later. The flame-thrower used pressurized air, carbon dioxide or nitrogen to force oil through a nozzle. Ignited by a small charge, the oil became a jet of flame.

Flame-throwers were first used at the Western Front in October 1914. Operated by two men, they were mainly used to clear enemy soldiers from front-line trenches. At first they had a range of 25 metres but later this was increased to 40 metres. This meant they were only effective over narrow areas of No Man's Land. Another problem was that the flame-thrower was difficult to move around and only contained enough oil to burn 40 seconds at the time. Soldiers who operated flame-throwers had a short-life span because as soon as they used them they were the target of rifle and machine-gun fire.

The British Army also experimented with flame-throwers. However, they found short-range jets inefficient. They also developed four 2-ton thrower that could send a flame over 30 yards. These were introduced in July 1916 but within a couple of weeks two had been destroyed. Although these large flame-throwers initially created panic amongst German soldiers, the British were unable to capture the trenches under attack. With this failure, the British generals decided to abandon the use of flame-throwers.

The enemy were attacking under cover of flammenwerfer, hose pipes leading to petrol-tanks carried on the backs of men. When the nozzles were lighted, they threw out a roaring, hissing flame twenty to thirty feet long, swelling at the end to a whirling oily rose, six feet in diameter. Under the protection of these hideous weapons, the enemy surrounded the advance pill-box, stormed it and killed the garrison.

Flambeaux (plural for flambeau, or a flaming torch) comes from the French word flambe, meaning &ldquoflame.&rdquo The first official Mardi Gras flambeaux debuted with the Mistick Krewe of Comus on Fat Tuesday in 1857.

In the beginning, the flambeaux were needed for revelers to see the Carnival parades at night. Originally, the flambeaux carried wooden rudimentary torches, which were staves wrapped with lit pine-tar rags. That evolved to oil-burning lanterns mounted on metal trays and long poles to prevent the flames from burning the carriers.

Flambeaux was a tradition that arose out of necessity but also illustrated elements of emerging American culture and social classes, as the flambeaux were originally carried by slaves and free men of color, namely Creoles. The torches turned into a spectacle as the men waved and twirled the torches while dancing down the street. Parade-watchers would throw tips to the torch carriers, often 25-cent or 50-cent coins, more in response to the elaborate performances than the light itself.

Bob Feller pitches against motorcycle

Long before anyone knew what a radar gun was, Bob Feller had his fastest pitch clocked in a most unique way—with a motorcycle running through Chicago’s Lincoln Park in the summer of 1940.

In the Major League Baseball-approved test, Feller waited as a city policeman on a Harley Davidson motorcycle raced toward him. The motorcycle, traveling at 86 miles per hour, had a 10-foot head start on Feller’s fastball when it zipped by just a few feet to the right of the Cleveland Indians’ ace.

Nanoseconds after the motorcycle blew past, Feller released the ball. The ball zoomed past both man and machine, reaching the bull’s-eye paper target approximately three feet in front of the motorcycle.

A split-second after Feller’s pitch broke its paper target, the motorcycle destroyed its target. The test satisfied multiple pre-set standards and MLB announced Feller’s fastball had been clocked at 104 miles per hour.

According to the documentary, adjusting Feller’s pitch with today’s motorcycle-less standards, it actually registered at 107.6 miles per hour.

Flame-Thrower - History

Marine Corps Vietnam-era Tankers and Ontos Crewmen Have Made History.

Your Historical Foundation is Making it Known.

The Evolution of Marine Tanks.

Thus with the reluctant blessings of the Great White Fathers of the Navy Department in Washington, the first of a long line of Marine Corps tank units was formed. It was officially designated "Light Tank Platoon USMC" at Quantico, Virginia, on December 5th 1923. The Platoon consisted of twenty-two enlisted men and two officers. The Commanding Officer was Captain Leslie G. Wayt, and the Executive Officer was Second Lieutenant Charles S. Finch.

The Platoon was issued three, six-ton light tanks. These tanks had been built in the United States during 1918 under license from the French Government. They were copies of the famous French Renault FT-17 of the First World War. Built to U.S. specifications, they had an ACF Buda Marine Engine, and two of them mounted Browning .30 cal. machine guns. The other one mounted a French 37mm Puteaux one-pounder infantry cannon. One of the reasons that this tank was so famous, was that it was the first tank to successfully mount a weapon in a fully 360 degree traversing turret. Even though it was called the Six-Ton Light Tank, its total weight was 7.8 tons. With that weight powered by the four-cylinder engine, it could really gallop along at a fast 5 1/2 miles per hour. The Tank Commander/gunner sat in a hammock-like affair hung from the turret walls and just sort of bounced around amongst all the ammunition in the fighting compartment, which was 4,800 rounds for the machine guns or 237 rounds for the cannon. The driver was a little better off in that he had a seat, but both men suffered considerably from the exhaust and gasoline fumes of the engine.

During the rest of that winter and all through the next summer the Platoon became familiar with their tanks. Most of the men had never even seen a tank before, but being Marines they went at the job in the typical Marine fashion, head on. Every one in the platoon became familiar with all aspects of the job of an Iron Horse Marine, driving, gunnery and preventive Maintenance They learned what the tanks could do and usually, by trial and error, what they could not do. The platoon also participated in many of the publicity maneuvers and parades, which were a hallmark of the times

During the winter of 1924, the platoon participated in the "Winter Maneuvers" with the East Coast Expeditionary Force from Quantico. These maneuvers were held on the island of Culebra, off the eastern coast of Puerto Rico. The maneuvers were designed to test and perfect amphibious landing techniques. They were of the trial and error type, at least as far as the "Tankers" were concerned. It was defiantly learned that this type of tank was not suited for amphibious operations. The lessons learned during maneuvers such as these would be a tremendous help later on during World War II, when the Marines perfected their amphibious assault techniques in the Pacific.

Upon the platoon's return from Culebra, they received two more tanks, one machine gun and one cannon. It was now a full-fledged tank platoon with five tanks. There was even an experimental tank to try out. It was a standard Six-Ton with the turret removed and fitted out as a communications tank. The platoon was in tank heaven and the haggling over who would drive what was cut to a minimum.

For the next three years the platoon performed peacetime garrison type duties. Going on limited maneuvers and exercises, performing in publicity parades and run of the mill Marine duties, but constantly learning more and more about their tanks. For the Marines it was almost too dull, but, as for all those who wait, an exciting change was in store for these "Iron Horse Marines". The political crisis in China was getting worse and the Third Marine Brigade was asking for reinforcements.

Early in 1927 the platoon was Far East Bound. The "Old Salts" were again telling the "Boots" sea stories about the wonders of the Orient, and some of the boots were looking forward to getting tattooed like the old salts. But they had to wait, for at that time it was an unwritten law that no one got a tattoo until he had served overseas.

The platoon, now under the command of Captain Nathen E. Landon, lashed down their tanks on flat cars and left Quantico by rail on April 6, 1927. Arriving in San Diego on April 12, the platoon didn't take any time out for liberty. In typical Marine fashion the tanks and all the platoon's gear was derailed, moved dockside, embarked, and lashed down aboard the USS President Grant, all in one day. The platoon then had a few days to pull liberty before the ship sailed. The trip from San Diego to Olongapo, Philippine Islands was as usual, uneventful, except for the Marine who were seasick and thought the trip would never end. Upon arrival at Olongapo, it was back to work again for the tankers, as they had to change ships. On May 4th they set to work unlashing their tanks and transferring them to the USS Chaumont, where they were again tied down. After the troops were settled in and the card games resumed the ship set sail for Shanghai, China.

Arriving at Taku Bar, Shanghai, China on the 21st of May the platoon again disembarked and began getting ready for what they hoped would be an exciting tour of duty in China. After the tanks were put back in a ready condition, some of the men went on their first liberty. While some got their firs tattoos, others began to explore the wonders of the Orient. All agreed that Shanghai liberty was all or more than it was said to be. But such a good life is not for Marines and after about two weeks the platoon was on the move again. It was sent up river by barge to Tientsin on the 6th of June. The platoon was assigned the job of protecting the Peking-Tientsin railway. At least that was its official job during the balance of its tour of duty in China. Even though these were troubled times in China, and some of the Marines were looking for excitement the job was considered as dull garrison duty.

With the exception of being a show of force, the platoon's duties were much the same as it was earlier in Quantico. They went on limited maneuvers, performed in good-will shows and publicity parades, stood inspections and kept their tank well maintained. It was almost like the occupation duty that the Marines would again be assigned to do in the same area in 1945. While not on duty the Marines of the platoon could be found on liberty in Tientsin, which they discovered was just as good a liberty town as was Shanghai. This was their life for the next fifteen months until the crisis was lifted and the Marine Corps could no longer afford a tank platoon.

On September 15, 1928, the platoon was administratively detached and transferred to the Light Tank Platoon, Composite regiment, San Diego. The Marines again loaded their tanks aboard barges and left for Shanghai, where they were loaded aboard ship and lashed down for the trip home. When the ship left Shanghai on September 18th, besides their tanks, the platoon took with them lots of wonderful memories of their tour of duty in China.

The platoon debarked in San Diego on November 1st and joined the Composite Regiment. After everyone was settled in they had time to enjoy some of San Diego's nightspots. Then on November 10, (the Marine Corps birthday) the platoon was disbanded. Some of the men were transferred to other units while others were discharged. But once again history leaves something out and we don't know what happened to the tanks.

Many more stories may be written about Marine Tankers, but these were the pioneers of a brand new arm of the Marine Ground-Sea-Air team. During their brief five years of existence they set the trend for the "Iron Horse Marines" of today.

By Lloyd G. Reynolds
Aug. 11 1998

Photo credits, USMC, National Archives, Department of Defence, Imperial War Museum unless otherwise noted.

FT 17 in China. USMC Photo.

Inspection in China. USMC Photo.

The author helped restore this FT 17. Authors photo.

Owned by Dr. Frank Haigler. Authors photo.

Tank Landings/Operations in WW II.

Date Location Tk Bn's/Units Tanks Used
Guadalcanal 1st Tk. Bn. M2A4,M3, M3A1
Talasea 1st Plt. Co. "C" & Co. "A" 1st Tk. Bn. M3A1, M4A1
Hollandia Co "A" 1st Tk. Bn. M4A1
Jun.30,1943 Munda,New Georga 9th,10th & 11th Defence Bn. Tks. M3, M3A1
Nov.1, 1943 Bouganville 3rd Tk. Bn. M3A1
Nov.20,1943 Tarawa 2nd Tk. Bn. Co. "C" I Marine Amphibious Corps Tk. Bn. M3A1, M4A2
Dec.26,1943 Cape Glouster, New Britian 1st Tk. Bn. M3A1, M4A1
Jan.31,1944 Roi-Namur 4th Tk. Bn. M5A1, M4A2
Feb.18,1944 Eniwetok 2nd Separate Tk. Co. M4A2
Feb.18,1944 Engebi 2nd Separate Tk. Co. M4A2
Feb.22,1944 Perry 2nd Separate Tk. Co. M4A2
Mar.20,1944 Emirau Co. "A"3rd Tk. Bn. M4A2
Jun.15,1944 Saipan 2nd & 4th Tk. Bn. M4A2,M5A1, M3A1 (Satan), M32B2, M4A2 w/M1A1 Dozer Kit.
Jul. 21,1944 Guam 3rd Tk. Bn., Tk. Co., 4th Mar., Tk. Co. 22 Mar. M4A2, M32B2, M4A2 w/M1A1 Dozer Kit.
Jul.24, 1944 Tinian 2nd & 4th Tk. Bn. M4A2,M5A1, M3A1 (Satan), M32B2, M4A2 w/M1A1 Dozer Kit.
Sep.15,1944 Pelilu 1st Tk. Bn. M4A2, M4A2 w/M1A1 Dozer Kit.
Feb.19,1945 Iwo Jima 3rd, 4th & 5th Tk. Bn. M4A2, M4A3, M4A3POA H1 Flame Tank, M32B2, M4A2 w/M1A1 Dozer Kit., M4A2 w/M1A1 Flame kit, M4A3 Flail.
Apr. 1, 1945 Okinawa 1st & 6th Tk. Bn. M4A2, M4A3, M32B2, M4A2 w/M1A1 Dozer Kit.

The WW II years 1941-1945. (Light Tanks)

M2A4= 1 37mm Gun, 5 .30 Cal. MG, Continental Radial Air Cooled Engine.
M3= 1 37mm Gun, (later w/a gyrostabilizer) 5 .30 Cal. MG, Continental Radial Air Cooled Engine. (some w/Guiberson Radial Diesel). (Early production M3s had riveted turrets, Later changed to welded.)
M3A1= 1 37mm Gun, (the 1st light tank to have a turret basket, stabilized gun and power traverse) (Welded turret with out copula.) 3 .30 Cal. MG, Continental Radial Air Cooled Engine. (some w/Guiberson Radial Diesel).
M3A3= 1 37mm Gun, 3 .30 Cal. MG, Continental Radial Air Cooled Engine. Welded hull and turret, A new turret incorporating a radio bustle and larger hatches wit no copula. Angled armor.
M5A1= 1 37mm Gun, 3 .30 Cal. MG, Engine, Twin Cadillac V-8's with Hydra-Matic transmission, All welded construction, no copula, large turret hatches. Angled armor.

An M2A4 of the 1st Tank Battalion on Guadalcanal.

An M2A4 leading two M3 Light Tanks on Guadalcanal.

An M3A1 Light Tank on Guadalcanal.

An M3A1 landing on Emirau Island.

Marines of the 7th Defense Battalion, one of the "Rainbow Five," give their new M3 Stuart light tank a trial run at Tutuila, American Samoa, in the summer of 1942.

M5A1 on Boganville.

US Marines sitting atop a M5A1 light tank, Cape Gloucester, New Britain, Bismarck Archipelago, late Dec 1943

M3A1 at Tarawa.

Light tank bogged down in shell hole on Tarawa.

M3A1 Light Flame Tank "Satan".

Early experiments M3A1 with portable M1A1 Flame Thrower in the bow MG position. According to one Marine of this era interviewed, "The flame ginner held the tanks between his knees".

An M3A1 "Satan" Flame Tank with the Ronson Flame Thrower system on Saipan.

A "Satan" on Saipan.

On Saipan a "Satan" with two M5A1's.

Front view of a M3A1 "Satan" Flame Tank.
The Light Flame tanks were not ready in time for Tarawa. As far as the author knows they were only used at Saipan and Tinian by the 2nd and 4th Tank Battalions.

The WW II years 1941-1945. (Medium Tanks)

The M4 Medium Tank went through a lot of variations.
M4A1= 1 75mm Gun, 1 .50 Cal. 2 .30 Cal. MGs. Continental Radial Air Cooled Gasoline Engine. Only used by 1st Tks at Cape Gloucester.
M4A2= 1 75mm Gun, 1 .50 Cal. 2 .30 Cal. MGs. Twin G.M. Diesel Engines. The first combat use of M4 series tanks by the USMC was at Tarawa. Also used at Kwajelein, Roi-Namur, Perry Island, Saipan, Tinian, Guam, Peleliu, Iwo Jima and Okinawa.
M4A3= 1 75mm Gun, 1 .50 Cal. 2 .30 Cal. MGs. Ford V-8 Gasoline Engine. Used by 5th Tk. Bn. on Iwo Jima and 6th Tk. Bn. on Okinawa.

A 1st Tk. Bn. M4A1 landing at Cape Gloucester.

M4A1s of the 1st Tk. Bn. on New Georgia.

M4A1s of the 1st Tk. Bn. on New Georgia.

An M4A2 of "C" Co. 1st Corps Tk. Bn. attached to the 2nd Mar. Div. for Tarawa fell into a shell hole and drowned out. No tanks (Light or Medium) had any fording kits at Tarawa.

Of the 14 tanks of Co. "C" 1st Corps Medium Tank Bn. Ten made it to the beach.
See= Marine Armor on Tarawa

Colorado on the beach at Tarawa. See= Tanks on Tarawa

M4A2 with improvised fording stacks. Perry Island, 2nd separate Tk. Co.

M4A2 with improvised fording stacks made from 55 Gal. drums. Improvise, adapt and overcome. 3rd Tk. Bn., Guam.

By Siapan fording stacks were standardized.

Ill Wind on Tinian. C. B. Ash the driver of this tank says note the TCs pericope. They welded two together to get 6" more elevation.

1st Tank coming ashore at Pelilu.

Peliliu was tough on tanks.

Sand bags on the rear deck. Pelilu.

So was Iwo Jima.

An M4A3 of the 4th Tk. Bn. on Iwo Jima.

An M4A2 of the 5th Tk. Bn. on Iwo Jima.

Note the nails welded on the hatches to keep the Japs off.

An M4A3 of "C" Co. 4th Tk. Bn. Note, inprovised water tank with a spigot for the grunts, improvised Tank Infantery phone and clock for infantry to give directions, extended track grousers. C. B. Ash there is 4" of cement between hull and 1" planks on side of the tank.

For Okinawa this M4A2 tank has added extra track blocks for protection.

This one has some added protection and still has some of the fording kit attached.

These tanks have added a lot of added track blocks as added armor.

M4 series Flame Tanks and other varients.

An M4A2 with the M1A1 bow Flame Gun. It was used on Iwo Jima.

An M4A3 POA H1 Flame Tank on Iwo Jima. The Flame Gun was mounted in worn out 75mm gun tubes.

U.S. Army Flame Tank on Okinawa fron the 713th Tk. Bn. The Marines had no Flame Tanks on Okinawa.

Another M4A3 POA H1 Flame Tank on Iwo Jima.

The M32B2 Tank Retriver made its first apperance with the Marines on Saipan.

This M32B2 is getting a souvenir on Guam.

Dozer kits added to tanks were as welcome as Flame Tanks to the Tk. Bn.

M4A2s on Guam with a Dozer Tank.

Rockets (7.2 In.) were expermented with in Europe and the Pacific, but it is not known if they were used in the Pacific by the Marines.

4th Tk. Bn. Flail Tank (home made by GySgt. Sam Johnson and Sgt. Ray Shaw) photographed on Maui. It landed on Iwo Jima but was destroyed on the beach, (C. B. Ash)

Another view of the 4th Tks Flail,

Tanks used
M4A3E8= M4A3,with upgraded horizontal Volute suspension, with 105mm Howitzer & M4A1 Dozer Kit.
M4A3E8 with POA-CWS-H5 Flame Thrower & 105mm Howitzer.
M32B3= M4A3E8 Tank Recovery Vehicle.
M-26= 1 90mm M3 Gun, w/.30 Cal. Co-ax, 1 .50 Cal. on top of turret, 1 .30 Cal. in bow. Used the same engine as the M4A3 series tanks, Ford GAF V-8 500 hp. (very under powered). Torsion Bar suspension.
M26A1= Up graded with Continental AV-1790-5A, V-12, 810 hp. Replaced during July-November by the M-46.
M-46= 1 90mm M3A1 Gun, w/.30 Cal. Co-ax, 1 .50 Cal. on top of turret, 1 .30 Cal. in bow. Engine Continental AV-1790-5A, V-12, 810 hp.
Note it's very hard to tell the difference between the M-26 & M-46 just from photos.

An M-26 during the fighting in the Pusan Perimeter.

M-26 can take a hit.

M-26 with 18 inch searchlight.

A pair of T-34/85s knocked out.

An M-26 during the fighting in the Pusan Perimeter. (Balls'ey T.C.)

An M4A3E8 105mm Dozer tank

Loading up for Inchon.

Street fighting in Seoul.

Moving North on narrow roads.

Winter's coming.

Winter and mountains.

A knocked or abandond SU 76.

An M-46 on the firing line.

M-46 with searchlight bracket.

M-26 or 46 indirect firing at night.

A replacement M-46.

M-46 Dozer tank with anti-tank rocket cage.

The "Porcupine" an M4A3E8 with a fake gun & welded turret.

The "Porcupine" it was all communications inside, to communicate with Air, Infantry, Navy & Artilery.

An M4A3E8 POA CWA H5 Flame Tank. Jack Carty Photo.

Flame Tank Platoon.

Flame tanks at Chosin.

M47= Last tank to have a bow gunner, 1st tank to have a range finder, Stereoscopic M12, Continental AV-17905B gasoline engine, 90mm M36 gun, 1 .50 Cal. 2 .30Cal. MG. 1951 to 1959, 3rd Tk. Bn. last unit to have the M47. Not used in Korea by Marines. See Tank Data.
M48= Continental AVI-1790-5B gasoline engine, 90mm M41 gun, 1 .50 Cal. (sky mounted), 1 .30 Cal. MG., Stereoscopic T46E1 Rangefinder. See Tank Data.
M48A1= Continental AVI-1790-5B to 7C gasoline engine, 90mm M41 gun, 1 .50 Cal. in turret copula, 1 .30 Cal. MG., Stereoscopic T46E1 Rangefinder.
M67= Flame Tank version of M48A1.
M48A2= Continental AVI-1790-8 gasoline engine, Stereoscopic M13A1 Rangefinder, 90mm M41 gun, 1 .50 Cal. in turret copula, 1 .30 Cal. MG.
M51 VTR= Continental AVSI-1790-6 gasoline engine, 1 .50 Cal. HBM2 MG. Built from the M103 chassi. See Tank Data.
M103A1= Continental AVI-1790-7B to 7C gasoline engine, 1 20mm M58 gun, 1 .50 Cal., 1 .30 Cal. MG. See Tank Data.
M103A2= Continental AVDS-1790-2A gasoline engine, 1 20mm M58 gun, 1 .50 Cal., 1 .30 Cal. MG. See Tank Data.
Dozer kits were used for the M47, M48A1 & A2.

M47 on the gun range.

Army M47 in Germany.


M48 w/sky mount .50 Cal. MG. Photo ?

M48 note track tension idler wheel & engineck deck. Photo ?

M48 note engine deck & large box which was a Tank/Infantry phone. Photo ?

Platoon of M48A1 tanks of 2nd Tk. Bn.


M67A1 Flame Tank

M48A2 (the track tension idler wheel was cut off of these) Peter Saussy.

M103A1 120mm Gun.

M103A2 on the range at Camp Pendelton, 1967.

M48A2 Rear Photo ?

M51 VTR.

M51 Retriver.


M48A3 Dozer tank. "C" Co. 5th Tk. Bn. 1968. Authors photo.

M48A3= Continental AVDS-1790-2A supercharged diesel, 90mm Gun M-41, 1 .50 Cal. in turret copula, and 1 .30 Cal. MG, Coincidence Rangefinder M17A1, 4 man crew. 1 Dozer Tank per Company. See Tank Data. All M48A3 were upgrades from the M48A1s and A2s.
M67A2= Continental AVDS-1790-2A supercharged diesel, Flame Thrower M7-6, 1 .50 Cal. in turret copula, and 1 .30 Cal. MG, 3 man crew. See Tank Data.
Mod B= Vision Blocks inserted below the copula, armored fraiming above exhaust louvers and around tail lights, improved copula hatch, TI phone moved and other changes.
M51= Continental AVSI-1790-6 gasoline engine, 1 .50 Cal. HBM2 MG. Built from the M103 chassi. See Tank Data.
The 1st Tank Platoon to land in Vietnam was 3rd Plt. "B" Co. 3rd Tks. on Mar. 9, 1965. See Map.

3rd Plt. tanks from Bravo Co. 3rd Tk. Bn. aboard LCU 1476 leaving the USS Vancouver heading for "Red Beach". March 8, 1965

Bravo 31 landing at Red Beach with Joe Tyson driving Mar. 8th 1965. From the Military Channel video. This was the 2nd tank to land, S/Sgt. John Downey was TC of the 1st tank to come ashore.

The first large scale operation (Starlight).

M48A3 Drivers Compartment. Authors photo.

M48A3 Loaders area. Authors photo.

M48A3 Gunners area. Authors photo.

M48A3 Tank Commanders area. Authors photo.

M48A3 Turret rear (Bustle). Authors photo.

View through the gunners pericope. Authors photo.

River Crossing Bob Haller photo.

River Crossing Bob Haller photo.

Keeping every thing clean. Bob Haller photo.

Alpha Co. Blade Tank. James Sausoman photo.

Bravo Co. 1st Tks. Carol Lemmon photo.

1st Plt Alpha Co. 1st Tks. Larry Sterling photo.

Removing the coupla for the Mod B upgrade. Rick Langley.

Coupla with old TC hatch. Rick Langley.

New vision ring inserted and replacing copula thit new TC hatch. Rick Langley.

A few minor adjustment and it' ready to go. Rick Langley.

Lt. Horner’s platoon, from F/2/5 take cover behind an M67A2 Flame Tank and a M48A3 during the battle for Hue. Photo ?

An M48A3 supports grunts in Hue. Photo ?

Highway 9, the road to Khe Sanh. Photo ?

Khe Sanh Tank. Photo ?

Tank as artilery at Khe Sanh. Jack Butcher.

Tank as artilery at Khe Sanh. Jack Butcher.

If you've gotten this far you may be interested in some of the sources I used.

Fires emitted by the Flamethrower will light infected on fire, just like with a Molotov, but with more damage. This dispatches civilian and bolter infected easily, but militaries and stronger will take a little longer to succumb to the flames. Nonetheless, the Flamethrower is able to burn a horde to the ground if needed, thanks to its infinite bullet punch, realistically.

Because fire instead of bullets is used, all infected will grant the Fire Bonus when killed. There is also no difference in damage when aiming for the head or chest, so the burn will have to do most of the work. This also means that Heavy Hitter will have no effect.

However, the flamethrower has several glaring weaknesses that pose great risks to the user. This weapon has a limited range, which means that enemies will have to be dangerously close before they can be damaged. Additionally, because it cannot headshot infected, flamethrower wielders are forced to waste additional fuel to put them down or risk taking unnecessary damage to let them burn to death.

Because of the low amount of ammo gained from pickups, combined with the moderate effectiveness of the fire, ammo can be expected to run out quickly if not managed carefully. Compared to other weapons, it has low bullet punch for its level (theoretically), so a strong firearm such as the M60 should be pursued instead. Still keep in mind that this weapon can still be viable in close range maps such as Expressway, District, Cabin, etc.

Appearances [ edit | edit source ]

  • The Vow of Silver Dawn(Mentioned only)(First appearance)
  • Star Wars: Galactic Defense
  • Star Wars: Force Arena
  • Star Wars Battlefront IIStar Wars: The Clone Wars – "Landing at Point Rain" Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Weapons Factory" (In flashback(s))Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Corruption" Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Hunt for Ziro" Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Nomad Droids" Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "A Friend in Need"
  • "Bane's Story"—The Clone Wars: Stories of Light and Dark(Mentioned only)Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Eminence" Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Shades of Reason" Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "In Search of the Crystal" Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Old Friends Not Forgotten" Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Phantom Apprentice" Star Wars: The Bad Batch – "Replacements" Star Wars: The Bad Batch – "Reunion" Star Wars: The Bad Batch – "Bounty Lost"
  • Adventures in Wild Space: The Steal(Mentioned only)
  • Adventures in Wild Space: The Rescue(In flashback(s))
  • Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order
  • Star Wars Rebels: Steps Into ShadowStar Wars Rebels – "Legacy of Mandalore"
  • Lost Stars
  • Doctor Aphra: An Audiobook Original(Mentioned only)
  • Star Wars: CommanderStar Wars Galaxy of Adventures – "Boba Fett - The Bounty Hunter" (In flashback(s))
  • Star Wars: Uprising
  • Aftermath: Life Debt(Appears in poster)The Mandalorian – "Chapter 1: The Mandalorian" The Mandalorian – "Chapter 2: The Child" The Mandalorian – "Chapter 3: The Sin" The Mandalorian – "Chapter 4: Sanctuary"
  • The Mandalorian: Season 1: Volume 1The Mandalorian – "Chapter 6: The Prisoner" The Mandalorian – "Chapter 7: The Reckoning" The Mandalorian – "Chapter 8: Redemption"
  • Star Wars: The Mandalorian Junior Novel
  • The Mandalorian: A Clan of Two
  • The Mandalorian: This is the WayThe Mandalorian – "Chapter 13: The Jedi" The Mandalorian – "Chapter 16: The Rescue" (Mentioned only)
  • "The Perfect Weapon" (Mentioned only)(In flashback(s))Star Wars Galaxy of Adventures – "The First Order vs. The Resistance"
  • Galaxy's Edge: Black Spire(Mentioned only)
  • Spark of the Resistance
  • "Black Spire: Return to a Shattered Planet"—Galaxy's Edge: Black Spire
  • Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: A Junior Novel(Mentioned only)

Non-canon appearances [ edit | edit source ]

Flamethrower Simulator Codes – How to Redeem?

Do you see the white bird icon on the lower right corner of the screen? Click on it, enter the code on the new window and click on redeem. The youtuber Croatian Plays shows you how to do it in this video:

How to play Flamethrower Simulator? Roblox Game by Totally Unique Games

Use your Flamethrower to burn grass and structures!

Daily Updates for the next few days

  • New Zone
  • New Tanks
  • Added boosts to Premium shop
  • New Flamethrowers
  • Added Starter Pack to Premium

Join Totally Unique Games group for rewards > https://www.roblox.com/groups/5175768/Totally-Unique-Games

Made in 7 dats, so expect some bugs, But lots more Features Coming!

Flame-Thrower - History

History, Development, and Use
of the LPO-50 flamethrower

Brief Operational History

The LPO-50 flamethrower was developed sometime around 1953 in an effort to replace the aging ROKS-2 and ROKS-3 flamethrowers used during the Patriotic War. Its design seemed to many in the West to be a step backward in flame weapon design as other armies had abandoned pressure cartridges and ignition charges in favor of compressed nitrogen propellant and a simple pilot light igniter.

Even in the face of such criticism it was quickly adopted by all armies in the Warsaw Pact and in China. The LPO-50 later found service in the Vietnam War (due to the Chinese assisting the North Vietnamese Army). It is believed that some LPO-50 units (no more than a half dozen) have fallen into the hands of the Irish Republican Army over the course of their struggle with the British government. None of these units has ever been documented to have been used.

The LPO-50 was reported to have been used in Afghanistan by the forces of the Soviet Union against the Islamic rebel forces. They were quite good at eliminating enemy troops in built up areas and in the mountainous terrain. Unfortunately, the Afghan War proved to be the undoing of the LPO-50. Its short range and the vulnerability of the user showed the Soviets that they needed a longer ranged flame weapon.

They found this weapon in the form of the RPO and RPO-A 'Shmel' rocket flame throwers which launch incendiary rockets at a target rather than jets of pressurized fuel. The RPO series of weapons has replaced the LPO-50 in Russian service, but it can still be found in use with the Polish, Chinese, and North Korean armies as of 2000.

Tactical Use and Limitations

In combat LPO-50 is used by special teams of combat engineers who work closely with the infantry to eliminate bunkers and other hard targets that stop the advance of the infantry. These are usually two to four man teams who cover the advance of the flamethrower operator while he gets within range of his target. We at Sword of the Motherland have found that the weapon is difficult to conceal when crawling to a position while under fire. The tanks are an extremely easy target for an opponent to hit, and the short engagement range makes the work of the operator highly dangerous.

The weapon has three tanks, on the top of each of which are a pressure relief valve and a cap for the filling aperture which also contains the chamber for the pressurizing cartridge. Wires from the three containers are combined in a harness which is fastened to the hose and attached to the gun group. Outputs from the three tanks are connected to a manifold, through one-way valves which prevent fuel from flowing from one tank into another and this manifold is connected to the hose.

Ignition is by means of a slow burning pyrotechnic cartridge, three of which are grouped below the muzzle of the flame gun. A selector lever is mounted forward of the trigger-guard on the gun and, when the trigger is pressed, energy is supplied from a power pack of four 1.5v cells (or 1 6v cell, this is open to debate right now) to one of the ignition cartridges and simultaneously to one of the pressurizing cartridges. Pressure from the latter drives fuel from the tank through the appropriate non-return valve into the manifold and then by way of the hose to the flame gun where it is ignited by the pyrotechnic cartridge. The firer can thus fire three shots, changing the selector lever position between shots. The capacity of each tank is 3.3 liters which is sufficient for a flame burst of two to three seconds. A trigger safety is also fitted to the weapon for additional protection against accidental discharge.

Deployment Chronology

Here you can see what weapons the LPO-50 flamethrower replaced and what weapons eventually replaced it. You can find out more about each weapon by clicking on the links below.

1. Nolan Ryan

There have been pitchers who can throw harder than Ryan’s 100.9 mph fastball. But there will never be another strikeout pitcher who played as long as Ryan did (27 seasons) for as well as he did.

The strikeout king (5,714) is so far and ahead of everyone that as impressive as his record seven ho-hitters are, there’s only one guy (Randy Johnson) within even 1,000 K’s of his lifetime mark. Ryan finished his career with 9.5 SO/9 IP (fourth all time) and led the AL in strikeouts 11 times.

He redefined what it meant to be a power pitcher and laid the groundwork for guys like Clemens and Johnson to take over the league.

Power is only part of the pitching equation, and Ryan scores higher than anybody else in MLB history.

Dmitriy Ioselevich is a Featured Columnist for Bleacher Report. Follow him on Twitter for all your MLB news and updates.